The Kavali College, Nellore Dist was started in 1951 by the 'Visvodaya' society that came into being mainly through the driving dynamism of a young person, Sri Dodla Ramachandra Reddy. He was inspired by the philosophy of French liberal thoughts, ideals of Indian Freedom struggle and a deep commitment to the upliftment of the downtrodden masses. But the responsibility undertaken by the young, enthusiastic educationist was indeed very hard for the town Kavali was situated in a very backward, drought-prone area subject to harsh vicissitudes of nature. The number of students enrolled in the first year was a mere 92. However, the college received animated support from the local people who craved for an institution of higher learning in their town. The College was upgraded into a degree college in 1954 when the student strength rose to 350. Originally affiliated to the Andhra University, the institution was soon shifted to the newly established S. V. University, Tirupathi. Another major experience of the College was the change of name itself in 1965 when Kavali College was renamed Jawahar Bharati Degree College (J.B.Degree College) in honour of the great nationalist leader and the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. Presently the J.B.Degree College is affiliated to Vikrama Simhapury Universiry, Nellore.
Eminent scholars and great intellectuals with humanistic and progressive ideas and social commitment such as Sri. Peddada Rama Swamy, Sri. Muthu Ayer, Dr. Raghava Rao, Sri. M.Madhava Rao, Ex-MLC, Sri. M.J.Manikya Rao, Ex-MLC, Advisor, Affiliated College Teachers Association, former General Secretary AIFUCTO, Sri. K.V.Ramana Reddy and Indraganti Hanumantha Sastri, Vedula Sathyanarayana, Poet Laureate Visvodaya and Kowtha Ram Mohan Rao, the renounced Painter. The scientist Dr. Amara rama Rao was a bud of the college. Dr. Rama Rao is a scientists in the field of HIV vaccine and Immunology. His work on heterologous DNA prime MVA boost approach is in clinical trials in US and is one of the five HIV vaccine candidates entered into clinical trials worldwide. Following in his footsteps Dr. Venkateswarlu Chamcha, is another flower of Jawahar Bharthi, working in a similar field at the Emory Vaccine Center in the USA. He did his PhD in one of India's premier institutes - the National Institute of Virology, in Pune. He says that "I am a student of Jawahar Bharathi".
The student strength has now about 2400 with female section constituting about 40 percent. Bulk of the students comes from educationally backward and socially marginalized sections of the farming and laboring communities of Nellore and the neighboring Prakasam districts. Nearly 70 percent of them stay in hostels. Men's hostels accommodate 1126 students and the girl's hostel 220 students. With more 60 percent results in the University exams, the college has apparently done well. It has also produced several rank holders in different years. A number of self-financing (SF) courses has been introduced recently. Admission is made purely on merit and on the basis of the reservation policy of the Govt. No donation is accepted for admission to any course. Courses offered include 12 combinations in B. Sc, 5 combinations in B. A, and B. Com in addition to one P.G course (M. Sc. Organic Chemistry). There are also 9 UGC approved add-on courses leading to Certificate/Diploma/Advance Diploma programmes. In addition, short-term certificate courses are offered in more than a dozen trades and professions. Altogether there are 18 departments in the College, 3 in Languages, 12 in Science, 4 in Arts, one in Commerce, besides the library and the physical education wing.
The institution vision is to provide best and latest infrastructural facilities with funds from funding agencies like UGC and State Government and other Donors from outside and funds generated within from Management. With this backdrop the institution has constructed a latest e-class room and Biotechnology park, Students Internet Centre, Career guidance and placement cell, latest journals, books for library to facilitate effective teaching learning and placement. In addition to latest equipment for science laboratories and computer lab. For large academic meetings a spacious auditorium with a seating capacity of thousand students is also provided.